Kingory Hero 005 Liu Bei

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Place of Birth: Zhou County, Zhou district (Presently    Zhuo Zhou, He Bei Province)
    Lifespan: AD 161 – 223 (62 years)
    Titles: Emperor of Shu, King of Han Zhong, King Zhao Di

Liu Bei was a descendant of Prince Sheng of Zhongshan, a    great-great-grandson of the fourth Han Emperor Jing. Liu Bei lived in poverty    during his youth, his father passed away while he was still young so he and    his mother made a living weaving and selling grass mats and straw sandals.    At the age of fifteen, Liu Bei became a pupil of the Han scholar Lu Zhi, along    with his friend Gongsun Zan.
  During the Yellow Turbans rebellion, he was appointed to    the position of Judicial Officer in Anxi County. He did not stay there for    long, as he was forced to retire the position after beating a corrupt official    with a tree branch (1).
  Liu Bei started his military career under Regent Marshall    He Jin and sough the patronage of Gongsun Zan. He was appointed as Auxiliary    Corps Commanding Officer and Magistrate of Ping Yuan County.
  When Cao Cao was invading Tao Qian’s Xu Zhou, Liu    Bei moved his armies to rescue the Imperial Protector. In the first year of    Rebuilt Tranquility (AD 196), Liu Bei received recommendations    for the rank  of General Who Guards the East and was given the title Lord of Yicheng Precinct.
  Next, Liu Xuande assisted Cao Cao in capturing Lü Bu    alive and was promoted to General of the Left. Around this time, Emperor Xian    officially recognized Liu Bei’s relation to the Prince of Zhongshan    and styled him “Imperial Uncle.”
  Between the third and fourth year of Rebuilt Tranquility    (AD 198 – 199), Liu Bei lost favor with Cao Cao by participating    a  plot to assassinate him. He first took shelter in Xia Pi, and later in the    fifth year of Rebuilt Tranquility (AD 200), Liu Bei sought    refuge Yuan Shao.
  Liu Bei left Yuan Shao and after reuniting with his brothers    Zhang Fei and Guan Yu, he traveled to Jing Zhou, seeking asylum with Liu Biao.    Cao Cao pursued Liu Bei, and thus Xuande abandoned his post in Fan Cheng and    withdrew to Xia Kou. Later Liu Bei allied himself with Sun Quan of the southlands,    setting up a trap for Cao Cao to fall in. At the decisive battle of Chi Bi,    Liu Bei successfully retreated to southern Jing while Cao Cao’s navy    was destroyed by Zhou Yu.
  After the deaths of Liu Biao and Liu Qi, Liu Bei occupied    several counties in Jing Zhou. He then married Sun Quan’s sister and    was officially made Protector of Jing Zhou.
  In the sixteenth year of Rebuilt Tranquility (AD 211),    Liu Bei went to Yi Zhou under the pretense of helping Liu Zhang fight Zhang    Lu. At this time, Liu Bei received two recommendations for the posts of Great    Minister of War and Commander of the Capital Districts. In the nineteenth    year of Rebuilt Tranquility (AD 214), Liu Bei turned on Liu    Zhang and Xuande  occupied Cheng Du and the Western Riverlands (2).    He assumed Protectorship of Yi Zhou and in the twenty-fourth year of Rebuilt    Tranquility declared himself King of Hanzhong.
  After a series of wars with both Wu and Wei, Liu Xuande,    at the urging of Zhuge Liang, proclaimed himself Emperor in April of the AD 221.    His last war was fought against the Kingdom of Wu, as an act of revenge after Wu’s    successful campaign against Jing Zhou caused the death of  Xuande’s brother Guan    Yu. Liu Bei was defeated by Sun Quan’s general    Lu Xun at Yi Ling, and retreated to Bai Di Cheng (3).    On April 24th AD 223, Liu Bei died of illness and was buried in    Hui Ling. Liu  Xuande was posthumously title King Zhao Di.
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