Zhou Dynasty

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1122 BCE - 256 BCE

The Chinese civilization expanded during the time of the Zhou dynasty.  The massive size that the dynasty covered was too much for the Zhou leaders to handle due to the poor means of communication.  Because of this, the leaders decided to appoint people to oversee each of the territories.  The territories started off as walled off cities.  The leader of each of the territories were the lords, each receiving the title through inheritance.  Next in the hierarchy were the fighting men, followed by the peasants and the domestic slaves.  Soon, these territories became more independent, eventually breaking away from the main Zhou dynasty leaders.


The Zhou society was based on agricultural production.  During that time, the land of the lords was divided among the peasants to grow crops.  They were divided up into three by three squares, with the eight outer squares being worked on by the peasants.  The center tract of land was worked on by all eight of the peasants for the lord.  The extent of this type of land distribution was unclear, but the later dynasties believed that this was the most equitable way of dealing with land distribution and use.


The religious practice of the Zhou empire reflected their hierarchical way of life.  The Zhou kings believed that they were given a mandate from heaven to rule.  The kings prayed and sacrificed to Shang Ti, the Lord on High, now called T'ien (Heaven), and to their ancestors.The lords of the territories prayed to the local nature gods and to the gods of agriculture in addition to their ancestors.  If any sacrifices or prayers were missed, great ill was predicted to fall on the territory or kingdom of the neglectful leader.




中华文明的过程中扩大周朝的时间。庞大的规模,该王朝涵盖太多,周的领导人来处理由于通讯手段的落后。正因为如此,各国领导人决定任命,让人民监督的每一个领土。开始时的领土起飞看作是没有围墙的城市。对每一个领导者的领土是领主,每个通过继承获得了冠军。在层次结构下是战士,其次是农民和国内的奴隶。不久,这些地区变得更加独立,脱离周王朝的主要领导人离开。

周代社会,是根据农业生产。在此期间,该领主的土地分给农民种庄稼。他们被划分成三个三个广场,广场外的八所制订的农民。道中心的土地是由所有工作为主的农民8。这种类型的土地流通中的程度还不清楚,但后世认为这是与土地分配和使用问题的最公平的方法。

作者:周帝国的宗教活动反映了他们的生活层次的方式。周国王认为,他们被赋予的任务从天上来统治。国王祈祷和牺牲尚钛,高的主,现在叫天子(天),以及他们的祖先。祈祷的当地领主的领土自然神和农业神,除了他们的祖先。如果任何牺牲或祈祷,怀念伟大的病进行了预测,回到属于领土或疏忽领导的王国。
Last editedXalheart edit at 2010-04-30 10:00:01
Khappy & Zhou Yu Best Friendz Forever Live Forever In Kingory! =]
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